Harold Brooks


FRDD Senior Scientists

Job Title:Senior Research Scientist


Email:Email hidden; Javascript is required.

Phone:(405) 325-6083


Google Scholar

I like to play with scientific problems I think are interesting. I have a broad liberal arts background, so I tend to think of the human aspect of many of those problems.

Degree (Ph.D, M.S, B.A, etc.) Major Subject University or College Name Year (YYYY) (optional)
B.A. Physics and Math William Jewell College 1982
Tripos Part I Archaeology and Anthropology University of Cambridge 1980
M. A., M.Phil Atmospheric Sciences Columbia University in the City of New York 1985
Ph.D Atmospheric Sciences University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 1990
Research Interests
  • Forecast Evaluation and Decision Analysis
  • Climatology of Severe Thunderstorms
  • Impacts of Severe Thunderstorms
Professional Activities
  • Fellow, American Meteorological Society
  • Fellow, Royal Meteorological Society
  • State Advisor Coach, Mathcounts
  • Volleyball official (NFHS, PAVO (NCAA, NAIA, NJCAA), USAV)
Honors & Awards
Award Name Year
Albritton Outstanding Communicator 2012
Distinguished Scientific Career 2021
NOAA Adminstrator's Award 2007
Department of Commerce Silver Medal 2002
William Jewell College Achievement Award 2007
Selected Publications

Brooks, H. E.2004Tornado warning performance in the past and future: A perspective from signal detection theoryBulletin of the American Meteorological Society85837–843. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-85-6-837

Brooks, H. E.2013Severe thunderstorms and climate changeAtmospheric Research123129–138, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.04.002.

Brooks, H. E.G. W. CarbinP. T. Marsh2014Increased variability of tornado occurrence in the United StatesScience346349–352, doi:10.1126/science.1257460.

Brooks, H. E.J. Correia2018Long-Term Performance Metrics for National Weather Service Tornado WarningsWeather and Forecasting331501–1511, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-18-0120.1.

Brooks, H. E.C. A. Doswell III1996A Comparison of Measures-Oriented and Distributions-Oriented Approaches to Forecast VerificationWeather and Forecasting12288–303. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(1996)011%3C0288:ACOMOA%3E2.0.CO;2

Brooks, H. E.C. A. Doswell III2001Normalized damage from major tornadoes in the United States: 1890-1999Weather and Forecasting16168–176. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(2001)016%3C0168:NDFMTI%3E2.0.CO;2

Brooks, H. E.C. A. Doswell III2002Deaths in the 3 May 1999 Oklahoma City tornadoes from a historical perspectiveWeather and Forecasting17354–361.https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(2002)017%3C0354:DITMOC%3E2.0.CO;2

Brooks, H. E.C. A. Doswell IIIJ. B. Cooper1994On the environments of tornadic and nontornadic mesocyclonesWeather and Forecasting10606–618. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(1994)009%3C0606:OTEOTA%3E2.0.CO;2

Brooks, H. E.C. A. Doswell IIIM. P. Kay2003Climatological estimates of local daily tornado probabilityWeather and Forecasting18626–640. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(2003)018%3C0626:CEOLDT%3E2.0.CO;2

Brooks, H. E.J. W. LeeJ. P. Craven2003The spatial distribution of severe thunderstorm and tornado environments from global reanalysis dataAtmospheric Research67-6873–94. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-8095(03)00045-0

Doswell III, C. A.H. E. BrooksR. A. Maddox1996Flash-flood forecasting: An ingredients-based methodologyWeather and Forecasting11360–381. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0434(1996)011%3C0560:FFFAIB%3E2.0.CO;2